September

September is my favourite month for many, many reasons.

The end of September always makes me a little sad but but I am always looking forward very much to the next one.

It is filled with lovely things for us:-

It is the month we take our main annual holiday

The Shropshire Way

Walking – The Shropshire Way

It is the month of Burghley Horse Trials

Burghley Horse Trial

Burghley Horse Trial – Burghley

It is the month of harvest

Harvest in Northumberland

Harvest – Northumberland

It is the month of Sandringham Game Fair

Horse Boarding - Sandringham Game Fair

Horse Boarding – Sandringham Game Fair

It is a month when we do most of our walking

walking - The Lakes

Walking – The Lakes

It is the month when the best fungi appear.

Fungi - Fly Ageric

Fungi – Fly Ageric

It is the month of Food Festivals across the country. Ludlow being our favourite.

Ludlow Castle

Ludlow Castle

It is the month for Bramble picking & making Jam.

Brambles

Brambles

It is the month of Indian Summers when the heat has left the sun but the cold months are not showing themselves yet.

September Sun - Ford Village

September Sun – Ford Village

It is the month we got our hound and collected him when he was just 8 weeks old.

Max

Max

And it is the month we got married

September Wedding - Rings

September Wedding – Rings

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foraging for fungi

field mushroom harvest

field mushroom harvest

I have expressed my desire to learn more about identifying fungi before and I still haven’t done the course that was a present from hubby christmas 2011. I really must! If only to broaden our menu and save us from inevitable tummy ache.

freshly cut with ring in tact

freshly cut horse mushroom with ring in tact

It hasn’t, however, stopped my foraging this week. There is a field where we walk at the weekends that has a small but productive crop of enormous and delicious horse mushrooms. I haven’t seen them there before but they are certainly there now and boy are they tasty looking.

The fields are still very green and the bright white beacon of deliciousness that these wonderful wild food sources are is clear to see in the middle of the field.

bright edible domes amongst the grass

bright edible domes amongst the grass

I couldn’t help but notice them and after clearing it with the farm I collected only those that had been knocked off their stems by the ponies in the field.  Each morning, though, the ones that were tiny the day before had become monsters and so I couldn’t resist and picked some of those still growing.

the smallest of these is about 100mm across

the smallest of these is about 100mm across

Picking them properly is important (always use a sharp knife and cut off at stem, never pull them out with the whole stem) and you should never harvest an entire field.

Always leave plenty behind. There may be others who want to enjoy natures larder too but it is also important to maintain the crop to ensure they grow another year.

shades of pink and brown gills

shades of pink and brown gills

There are lots and lots left that will come to maturity over the next few weeks so we should see them again next year.

cider vinegar, thyme, salt and pepper

cider vinegar, thyme, salt and pepper

Preparing them is nearly as important.  Never wash them. Clean off any dirt or insects and then brush the outside clean. I’m a great believer that a bit of muck and interest adds to the flavour but if you prefer, the skins can be peeled to remove any possibility of unwanted flavourings (whatever form that might take!!).

I love mushrooms. I love their meatiness which makes them a great substitute for meat in a vegetarian dish. I especially love risotto, chicken and mushroom pie and I particularly love fried mushrooms on a thick slice of thoroughly toasted wholemeal or artisan bread.

What a wonderful autumn gift.

We had Chicken and mushroom pie on Saturday night but we ran out of time for any other mushroom dishes this weekend. In order to continue to enjoy the taste and waste nothing, I have gifted some, dried some and preserved some for later when the crop has finished.  Loving them fresh as I do, I have held back a few of today’s harvest to go into a mushroom based dish (whatever it ends up being) that I will conjure up later in the week.

horse mushrooms preserved in oil

horse mushrooms preserved in oil

The dried ones have a much stronger smell now they are jarred and I understand that drying enhances the flavour. I can’t wait to use them in a nice juicy dish in the middle of the winter when they are no longer available.

The others I have preserved in oil and vinegar from a recipe in the preserving book I bought some time ago. The flavours in the oil say to me that they should be eaten straight from the jar  raw but we will see as I have never used mushrooms in oil before. New things are great!!

dried mushrooms

dried mushrooms

The smell of freshly picked wild mushrooms is amazing. It is rich and earthy and reminds me very much of being a child. We always came home with field mushrooms or something edible and free when we had been raking around the open countryside for as much of the day as we could squeeze out of it.

It brings to mind people like my grandparents and my gran particularly who loved a bit of free food and a forage. I’m sure it is her tasks to us kids to bring home something tasty that fuels my interest in hedgerow eating. I realised the other day when I looked at a photo of me holding the mushrooms that I picked that I have her hands…. almost identical!

dried and preserved

dried and preserved

 


the magic of mushrooms

edge of charcoal burner (possibly) - edible

There are undoubtedly some dodgy purchases made around christmas time and evidence of some of them are all over twitter and Facebook which is very, very funny. My mum is definitely guilty of some of them!

(possibly) common puffball - edible

Isn’t it great though when you get a superb gift that hits your buttons, will entertain you for hours and may even prove to be quite practical in the end.

roger phillip's mushrooms

JC bought me a mushroom book last year as he knows that I love a bit of food for free, I have always been interested in wild plants and particularly their medicinal properties and that I would love to know what fungi, beyond the easily identified field mushroom (which is about the extent of my knowledge), can be safely eaten.

I have used it but I don’t feel particularly well equipped or sure enough of my identifications and still only really pick field mushrooms, st george’s mushrooms, morels or chanerelle to eat when I am lucky enough to come across them.

the quiet hunt
This year I got Antonio Carluccio’s ‘Complete Mushroom book’.  I also got the all important mushroom knife which Antonio Carluccio has developed to go with his book, the use of which is key to preserving the spores for future fungi.  Who knew, eh?

carluccio's mushroom knife

Best of all though, he is also going to buy an identification course of my choice for fungi foraging that he is actually going to join me on too!!   I’m absolutely delighted (though he may only be joining me to make sure he doesn’t get poisoned).

I’m still incredibly cautious and really don’t have any courage for picking when I really am not remotely confident in my identifying skills but I am always looking while we are out walking and slowly but surely, I am beginning to see some of the differences.

The Antonio Carluccio book has a good selection of fungi for eating but it is generally limited to what he prefers and uses in the recipes at the back. The Roger Philips book is still key to the detail and how to distinguish the minutia that keeps you safe from poisoning.

Both books are great and even though I now read novels on a kindle, there is nothing nicer than a meaty reference book to flick through.  Books, however, are not that easy to carry about so in keeping with the world of apps, I have also downloaded the Roger Phillip’s Mushrooms app for my iPhone. It has similar groupings and visual clues to pin down the correct name of your find but it also has an easy key that helps you reduce the options by allowing you to select colour, edible or not, stem type, cap type, size, how the flesh look and reacts when cut, spore colour and habitat etc.  It’s great and the photographs are every bit as detailed as the book.

shaggy parasol - edible

In the book as in the app, there is information about all the parts that make up the whole identification. For example, not only is the terrain key to breaking down what it MIGHT be, but the surroundings and ground condition is an immediate sign that enables you to eliminate some. Only then can you think about the obvious outward details that differentiate one from another. Once you have reduced the possibilities, then you can get into the detail of the underside, the stem details and many other fine but crucial detail.

the underside and skirt of a shaggy parasol mushroom - edible

Today we found what we think might be one of the shaggy parasol fungi in the spinney while walking the dog. Unlike the simple parasol mushroom which makes good eating, it is edible but may cause gastric upset!!  If it were a Stinking Baby Parasol, it’s quite poisonous. I don’t think the stem is right for the poisonous one but I’m not entirely comfortable that is is edible so I have left well alone.

jelly ear, wood ear or tree ear - edible

Further away,  at the pond, on the rotting trunk of a poplar tree, grow what I think are Wood or Tree Ears and these are edible, albeit that Antonio Carluccio doesn’t rate them for much more than stews.  He may have a point, they aren’t particularly appetising when you see them and the texture is very strange.

hairy curtain crust (possibly) on a beech tree - not edible

Ironically, I am likely to chose a course for foraging that is based in London. I’ve already done my research and they seem to do some of the best but I now have to wait until autumn 2012.

It is a true minefield but I am so excited.  Can I wait that long?

russula family - some are edible